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Stablupd.exe Manipulate String Resources in an Executable

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The Stablupd sample explains the internal format of string table resource in a Win32 executable. It shows how to manipulate the string resource.

The sample provides a set of functions to manipulate blocks of strings in a Win32 executable and a user interface (UI) to illustrate how to display and modify strings. You can modify the strings only on Windows NT; Windows 95 and Windows 98 do not allow modification of strings.

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More information

The following file is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:
Release Date: Oct-13-2000

For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
119591 How to Obtain Microsoft Support Files from Online Services
Microsoft scanned this file for viruses. Microsoft used the most current virus-detection software that was available on the date that the file was posted. The file is stored on security-enhanced servers that help to prevent any unauthorized changes to the file. String resources are stored in a Win32 executable as blocks of strings. Each block can have up to sixteen strings and represents the smallest granularity of string resource that can be loaded/updated. Each block is identified by an identifier (ID), starting with one (1). We use this ID when calling the FindResource, LoadResource and UpdateResource functions.

A string with ID, nStringID, is located in the block with ID, nBlockID, given by the following formula:
nBlockID = (nStringID / 16) + 1; // Note integer division.
Each block has sixteen strings, each represented as an ordered pair (LENGTH, TEXT). LENGTH is a WORD that specifies the size, in terms of the number of characters, in the TEXT that follows. TEXT follows LENGTH and contains the string in Unicode without the NULL terminating character. There may be no characters in TEXT, in which case LENGTH is zero.

An executable does not have a string table block with ID, nBlockID, if it does not have any strings with IDs: ((nBlockID - 1) * 16) through ((nBlockID * 16) - 1).

The format is the same in all platforms--Windows NT, Windows 95, and Windows 98. To modify the strings, the sample uses the UpdateResource function. Because this function is not implemented on Windows 95 and Windows 98, modification of strings is not allowed on these platforms.

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Keywords: kbfile, kbhowto, kbintl, kbresource, kbsample, kbstring, KB196774

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Article Info
Article ID : 196774
Revision : 8
Created on : 11/21/2006
Published on : 11/21/2006
Exists online : False
Views : 789