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FIX: Visual FoxPro ODBC Driver Does Not Support Some Collating Sequences

View products that this article applies to.


You are using the Visual FoxPro ODBC driver on a non-U.S. English version of Microsoft Windows 95 or Windows 98, or on Microsoft Windows NT with the regional settings set to something other than English (United States). Attempting to issue a SQLEXEC() call that performs a SELECT against a table that uses index tags created with certain collating sequences returns -1. Under these circumstances, the second element of an array populated with the AERROR() function contains the following text:
Connectivity error: [Microsoft][ODBC Visual FoxPro Driver]Collating sequence '<sequence>' is not found.
Some collating sequences may also be unavailable when configuring a data source name (DSN) that uses the Visual FoxPro ODBC driver. For instance, on Polish Windows 95 or 98, or Windows NT with Polish as the default locale, General and Polish do not appear in the Collating sequence drop-down text box in the ODBC Visual FoxPro Setup dialog box.

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This problem is corrected in the Microsoft Visual FoxPro ODBC driver version 6.0.8616.0 and later. You can obtain updated versions of the driver by installing Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) version 2.5. This package is available for download from the following Microsoft Web site:

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Microsoft has confirmed that this is a bug in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article.

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More information

Steps to Reproduce Behavior

These steps demonstrate the behavior from Visual FoxPro, but this problem also occurs from other applications that use the Visual FoxPro ODBC driver.
  1. On Windows NT, from the Start menu, point to Settings, click Control Panel, and then double-click Regional Settings.
  2. From the drop-down list box, select Polish, and click to select the Set as system default check box.
  3. Click Apply. You will then be prompted for your Windows NT 4.0 CD. After the updated files have been copied, you will be prompted to restart your computer.
  4. After the restart, start Visual FoxPro.
  5. Run the following code from a program (.prg) file:
    * Do some preparation first.
    * Make database and table.
    CREATE DATA testdb
    CREATE TABLE colltest (char1 c(7))
    * Make database with Polish collating sequence.
    SET COLLATE TO  "Polish"
    INDEX ON char1 TAG char1
    FOR lni = 1 TO 2
    	cval = PADL(lni,7)
    	INSERT INTO colltest (char1) VALUES  (cval)
    * Create connection database and connection.
    lcdir = SET("default") + CURDIR()
    cConstr = "Driver={Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver};"+ ;
    	"UID=;PWD=;SourceDB="+lcdir+ ;
    	"testdb.dbc;SourceType=DBC;Exclusive=No;BackgroundFetch=No;"+ ;
    * Connect.
    lnh = SQLCONNECT("conn1")
    ?'Handle is ', lnh
    * Try select.
    ?SQLEXEC(lnh ,'select * from colltest','cCursor')
    LIST MEMO LIKE atest
  6. The SQLEXEC() call returns -1, indicating that it has failed.
  7. The contents of the error array created by the AERROR() function contain the following message:
    Connectivity error: [Microsoft][ODBC Visual FoxPro Driver]Collating sequence 'POLISH' is not found.
    The contents of the array are printed to the desktop.
The same behavior occurs if you select the General collating sequence instead of Polish.

If you use the above computer configuration and create a DSN using the Visual FoxPro ODBC driver, you will see the following items in the Collating sequence drop-down text box in the ODBC Visual FoxPro Setup dialog box:
  • Czech
  • Hungarian
  • Machine
  • Slovak
The correct list should be:

  • Czech
  • General
  • Hungarian
  • Machine
  • Polish
  • Slovak
You can create a cursor which contains the return the current collate sequence and codepage setting from the Visual FoxPro ODBC Driver by issuing a SQLEXEC() call as follows:
   'FROM <tablename> WHERE RECNO() = 1')
The table name must be substituted for <tablename>. Note that the table must have supported collating sequences for the SQLEXEC() call to succeed. You can use this code in the program above by changing the SET COLLATE command from "Polish" to "Machine", by using colltest for <tablename>, and by substituting the SQLEXEC() call above for the one in the program in step 5.

Possible affected collation sequences under various codepages include the following:
  • General
  • Iceland
  • Nordan
  • Polish
  • Spanish
  • Swefin
  • Uniqwt
Others sequences may also be affected.

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(c) Microsoft Corporation 1999, All Rights Reserved. Contributions by Jim Saunders, Microsoft Corporation.

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Keywords: KB241820, kbqfe, kbfix, kbbug, kbqfe, kbhotfixserver

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Article Info
Article ID : 241820
Revision : 7
Created on : 9/22/2005
Published on : 9/22/2005
Exists online : False
Views : 879