Notice: This website is an unofficial Microsoft Knowledge Base (hereinafter KB) archive and is intended to provide a reliable access to deleted content from Microsoft KB. All KB articles are owned by Microsoft Corporation. Read full disclaimer for more details.

Using server page fields in PivotTables in Excel


View products that this article applies to.

Summary

This article describes how to use server page fields to reduce the amount of data returned from an external data source to a PivotTable. This is useful when creating PivotTables from very large databases.

NOTE: This article does not apply to Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) databases, nor to any third-party ODBC drivers or data source drivers that do not support parameter queries.

↑ Back to the top


More information

When you create a PivotTable using an external data source, Microsoft Excel has to process all data records returned to it from the external data source. If your database contains a large number of records, this may take a very long time to complete.

You can use server page fields to filter data before it is returned to the PivotTable in Excel to reduce the amount of time required to create the PivotTable. For example, you can use a server page field to return only records where the Country field is equal to "USA."

Using server page fields also helps reduce the amount of memory required to cache information used by the PivotTable.

To use server page fields in a PivotTable, follow these steps:

  1. On the Data menu, click PivotTable and PivotChart Report.
  2. In step 1 of the wizard, click External data source and then click Next.
  3. In step 2 of the wizard, click Get Data. Use Microsoft Query to attach to your external database (this can be any external database and is not limited to databases on a server). Click OK.
  4. Follow the steps in the Create New Data Source dialog box. After the data fields have been retrieved, click Next.

    The Query Wizard is now open.
  5. In the Query Wizard, set up the filters that you want, if any. Click Finish to return to the PivotTable and PivotChart Wizard.
  6. In step 2 of the PivotTable and PivotChart Wizard, click Next.
  7. In step 3 of the PivotTable and PivotChart Wizard, click Layout. Drag field names into the Column, Row, Data, and Page areas of the diagram.

    NOTE: You must add at least one field name to the Page area; this is the field for which server page fields are created.
  8. In the Page area of the diagram, double-click the field name for which you want to create server page fields.
  9. In the PivotTable Field dialog box, click Advanced.
  10. Under Page field options, click Query external data source and then click OK three times.
  11. In step 3 of the wizard, select a destination for the PivotTable, and then click Finish.
After your PivotTable has been created, you can click the drop-down list in the page field to retrieve data for the selected item. Each time you do this, Microsoft Excel performs the following steps:
  1. Microsoft Excel queries the external data source again and retrieves the appropriate data for the selected page field.
  2. The PivotTable memory cache is cleared and filled with new records.
  3. The PivotTable is refreshed and redisplayed using the newly retrieved records.
Because of the way in which server page fields work, the (All) item is removed from the drop-down list. This is because only a subset of the data in the external data source is being returned to Microsoft Excel.

If you want to show all records, follow these steps:
  1. Double-click the field name in the page field.
  2. In the PivotTable Field dialog box, click Advanced.
  3. In Page field options, click Retrieve external data for all page field items (faster performance). Click OK twice.

↑ Back to the top


References

For more information about using PivotTables, click Microsoft Excel Help on the Help menu, type about pivottable reports: interactive data analysis in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topic.
For more information about using server page fields, click Microsoft Excel Help on the Help menu, type about working with large external databases by using page fields in reports in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topics returned.

↑ Back to the top


Keywords: KB211515, kbhowto

↑ Back to the top

Article Info
Article ID : 211515
Revision : 7
Created on : 1/23/2007
Published on : 1/23/2007
Exists online : False
Views : 351