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Using Repadmin.exe to troubleshoot Active Directory replication


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Summary

Repadmin.exe is a Microsoft Windows 2000 Resource Kit tool that is available in the Support Tools folder on the Windows 2000 CD-ROM. It is a command-line interface to Active Directory replication. This tool provides a powerful interface into the inner workings of Active Directory replication, and is useful for troubleshooting Active Directory replication problems. This article describes the basic use of the Repadmin.exe tool.

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More information

Typing repadmin at a command prompt displays the following list of switches:
Usage: repadmin <cmd> <args> [/u:{domain\\user}] [/pw:{password|*}]

Supported <cmd>s & args:
     /sync <Naming Context> <Dest DSA> <Source DSA UUID> [/force] [/async
            [/full] [/addref] [/allsources]
     /syncall <Dest DSA> [<Naming Context>] [<flags>]
     /kcc [DSA] [/async]
     /bind [DSA]
     /propcheck <Naming Context> <Originating DSA Invocation ID>
         <Originating USN> [DSA from which to enumerate host DSAs]
     /getchanges NamingContext [SourceDSA] [/cookie:<file>]
     /getchanges NamingContext [DestDSA] SourceDSAObjectGuid
          [/verbose] [/statistics]

     /showreps [Naming Context] [DSA [Source DSA objectGuid]] [/verbose]
         [/unreplicated] [/nocache]
     /showvector <Naming Context> [DSA] [/nocache]
     /showmeta <Object DN> [DSA] [/nocache]
     /showtime <DS time value>
     /showmsg <Win32 error>
     /showism [<Transport DN>] [/verbose] (must be executed locally)
     /showsig [DSA]
     /showconn [DSA] [Container DN | <DSA guid>] (default is local site)
     /showcert [DSA]

     /queue [DSA]
     /failcache [DSA]
     /showctx [DSA] [/nocache]

Note:- <Dest DSA>, <Source DSA>, <DSA> : Names of the appropriate servers
       <Naming Context> is the Distinguished Name of the root of the NC
              Example: DC=My-Domain,DC=Microsoft,DC=Com
					
For example, to determine to which domain controller a particular change has replicated, type the following line
repadmin /showmeta "CN=larryli,OU=DesignTeam,OU=Development,DC=ntbeta,DC=microsoft,DC=com" Name of DC
where Name of DC is the host name of the domain controller you want to check for the replicated parameters.

The output of this command is similar to:
Loc.USN  Originating DSA  Org.USN  Org.Date/Time   Ver Attribute
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 objectClass
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 cn
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 sn
1668     Luxembourg\EMBY  1668 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 c
1668     Luxembourg\EMBY  1668 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 l
1668     Luxembourg\EMBY  1668 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 st
1706     Luxembourg\EMBY  1706 1999-04-23 15:38.39  1 title
1667     Luxembourg\EMBY  1667 1999-04-23 15:37.12  2 description
1668     Luxembourg\EMBY  1668 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 postalCode
1667     Luxembourg\EMBY  1667 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 physDevOffName
1667     Luxembourg\EMBY  1667 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 telephoneNumber
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 givenName
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 instanceType
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 whenCreated
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 displayName
1668     Luxembourg\EMBY  1668 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 streetAddress
1776     Luxembourg\EMBY  1776 1999-04-23 16:32.44  2 NTSecurityDescriptor
1851     Luxembourg\EMBY  1851 1999-04-23 17:06.09  2 wWWHomePage
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 name
1649     Luxembourg\EMBY  1649 1999-04-23 15:29.38  3 userAccountControl
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 codePage
1668     Luxembourg\EMBY  1668 1999-04-23 15:37.12  2 countryCode
1704     Luxembourg\EMBY  1704 1999-04-23 15:38.19  2 homeDirectory
1704     Luxembourg\EMBY  1704 1999-04-23 15:38.19  2 homeDrive
1641     Luxembourg\EMBY  1641 1999-04-23 15:29.37  2 dBCSPwd
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 scriptPath
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 logonHours
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 userWorkstations
1641     Luxembourg\EMBY  1641 1999-04-23 15:29.37  2 unicodePwd
1641     Luxembourg\EMBY  1641 1999-04-23 15:29.37  2 ntPwdHistory
1641     Luxembourg\EMBY  1641 1999-04-23 15:29.37  2 pwdLastSet
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 primaryGroupID
1643     Luxembourg\EMBY  1643 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 supplmntlCredentials
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 userParameters
1669     Luxembourg\EMBY  1669 1999-04-23 15:37.12  2 profilePath
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 objectSid
1776     Luxembourg\EMBY  1776 1999-04-23 16:32.44  1 adminCount
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 comment
1640     Luxembourg\EMBY  1640 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 accountExpires
1641     Luxembourg\EMBY  1641 1999-04-23 15:29.37  2 lmPwdHistory
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 sAMAccountName
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 sAMAccountType
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 userPrincipalName
1704     Luxembourg\EMBY  1704 1999-04-23 15:38.19  1 userSharedFolder
1639     Luxembourg\EMBY  1639 1999-04-23 15:29.37  1 objectCategory
1667     Luxembourg\EMBY  1667 1999-04-23 15:37.12  1 mail
1705     Luxembourg\EMBY  1705 1999-04-23 15:38.39  1 homePhone
					
By running this command against each domain controller, an administrator can determine whether all domain controllers have the same replicated values. If a specific domain controller does not have the same value, and the change was made some time ago, you can begin investigating why the computer has not yet received the change.

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Keywords: KB229896, kbtshoot, kbhowto, kbenv

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Article Info
Article ID : 229896
Revision : 6
Created on : 2/23/2007
Published on : 2/23/2007
Exists online : False
Views : 368